Adjuvant: An ingredient that boosts the effectiveness or rounds out the effectiveness of other ingredients.
Analgesic: Relieves pain.
Anesthetic: Alleviates pain.
Anodyne: Takes the edge off of pain or removes pain.
Anthelmintics: (Also called antihelminthics) Gets rid of intestinal worms.
Antibacterial: Kills or prevents growth and reproduction of bacteria.
Antibiotic: Kills or prevents growth of microorganisms.
Antiemetic: Relieves nausea.
Antihistamine: Combats histamines produced by allergies or colds, thereby relieving the cold-like symptoms.
Anti-inflammatory: Reduces or controls the growth of inflammation to bring down swelling, pain, irritation, and tenderness in the joints.
Antioxidant: Prevents or counters oxidation of the cells (a chemical process caused from toxins, pH levels being too low, or even stress, that causes damage to the cells).
Antiseptic: Destroys or inhibits pathogenic bacteria.
Antispasmodic: Relieves cramps and muscle spasms.
Antiviral: Destroys or reduces viral growth. This reduction may be combined with an immune system booster.
Aperient: Purgative or laxative.
Appetizer: Stimulates desire to eat.
Aromatic: Pleasant smelling and the scent causes a reaction.
Astringent: Contracts organs and pores, reduces secretions or discharges.
Calmative: Sedative and soothing to the nerves.
Carminative: Helps expel gas from the digestive system.
Cholagogue: Increases bile in the digestive system.
Diaphoretic: Increases perspiration to aid the removal of toxins from the skin.
Digestive: Aids digestion.
Diuretic: Increases urine flow.
Emetic: Induces vomiting.
Emmenagogue: Promotes menstruation. Naturally, avoid any herb that lists this if you are pregnant.
Emollient: Softens skin (use externally).
Expectorant: Helps shed mucus from the respiratory system. This helps get out the bacteria that the mucus has trapped, as well as promotes ease of respiration. Only use a cough suppressor when coughing is too extreme, and use an expectorant to make coughing more effective.
Febrifuge: Reduces fever.
Galactagogue: Increases lactation.
Hypnotic: Promotes sleep.
Irritant: Makes organic tissues sensitive, possibly inflamed or painful.
Laxative: Helps purge the bowels.
Mucilaginous: Gelatinous consistency. May aid in some preparations to thicken them.
Nervine: Has a soothing effect on the nerves. More historical information may use this description for an herb that has any effect on the nerves, including stimulants.
Purgative: A strong laxative. The kind of strong where you better be near a toilet. Possibly an herb that induces vomiting, in some sources.
Restorative: Helps aid recovery after illness.
Rubefacient: Irritates the skin mildly, to increase circulation and promote a rosy glow.
Sedative: Calms the nerves.
Sialagogue: Promotes saliva production.
Stimulant: Excites the body and mind.
Stomachic: Promotes the health of the stomach.
Tonic: Strengthens or cleanses the body.
Vasodialator: Increases the diameter of the blood vessels, which lowers blood pressure.
Vulnerary: Aids the healing of wounds.